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Ginkgo(Ginkgo biloba)• Used to aid the cerebrovascular insufficiency that underlies age-related impairment in mental performance and memory.• Used to slow the course of Alzheimer’s and non-Alzheimer’s dementia.• Used to treat intermittent claudication.While ginkgo has a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine, its novel therapeutic application in the West is a comparatively recent phenomenon.Widely published herbal botanist Dr. James Duke declares that, “This is the most intriguing herb for counteracting the neurological slings and arrows of aging. There’s good European research showing that it helps improve blood flow to the brain. Some studies suggest that ginkgo helps people with Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia become more alert and sociable, think more clearly, feel better and remember more. In Europe, many older people regularly take a standardized extract of this herb to help keep them mentally fit. Ginkgo’s ability to increase blood flow to the brain has been shown to offer a number of benefits to people who are aging. It improves alertness, memory and the ability to concentrate...”In his monograph on this herb, leading herbalist David Hoffmann discusses its key pharmacological attributes: “Ginkgo’s primary actions are to increase blood supply, antagonize platelet activating factor (PAF), and protect and enhance brain function (an action known as cerebroprotection). Its ability to improve circulation and thus blood supply appears to be due to both its vasodilating properties and its ability to reduce total blood viscosity... Ginkgo’s antioxidant, radical-scavenging properties may also play a role.”“Ginkgo’s main clinical indication is for the treatment of cerebral insufficiency, a common problem in the elderly. Among the symptoms typical of cerebral insufficiency are difficulties with concentration and memory, absentmindedness, confusion, lack of energy, tiredness, decreased physical performance, depressed mood, and anxiety... Ginkgo can also contribute, as part of a broader treatment, to the control of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (intermittent claudication).”Herbal practitioner Alan Tillotson points out cogently that, “Researchers performed a meta-analysis of all studies of ginkgo treatments for cognitive function in Alzheimer’s patients. They concluded that there was a ‘small but significant effect of 3- to 6-month treatment with 120 to 240mg of ginkgo biloba extract on objective measures of cognitive function.”Administration:20-45 drops (0.7-1.5ml), three to four times daily, in a mouthful of water, on an empty stomachContraindications and Cautions:Do not take this product if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Do not use if you are taking anticoagulant medications. Discontinue use at least 36 hours prior to surgery. Should be avoided in patients with clotting disorders. Rare side effects may include headache, gastrointestinal disturbances or skin reactions; reduce dosage or discontinue use if any of these occur. Consult a health care provider prior to use if you are taking alprazolam, omaprazole, nifedipine, trazadone, thiazide diuretics or cyclosporine.Available in bottle sizes of 50ml, 100ml, and 250ml.A NOTE ON TINCTURESTinctures are more readily absorbed by the body and have a high degree of bio-availability. As well, they have a long shelf life.Sometimes people ask us why tinctures are alcohol-based. There are very good reasons. Alcohol is critically important in the extraction of an herb's medicinal ingredients. It also helps to stabilize and preserve them. Alcohol is the ideal carrier substance, conveying the therapeutic goodness of the herb to the body. In itself, too, science has proven that alcohol enhances the immune system and its defences.As for the amount of alcohol taken in an average dose of tincture, you'll be surprised to learn that it's about the same as what you'd find in an overly ripe banana!Tinctures remain the most practical way to take advantage of the amazing, health-giving power of herbs.